Insect Stings and Bites

In most cases the reaction to insect bite will be mild.  Itching, stinging, redness and mild swelling are typical.  Rarely, stings from a wasp, bee, fire ant or scorpion can cause a severe reaction.  Some insects may transmit disease such as West Nile virus or Lyme disease.


Mild Reactions


–Move to the safe area to avoid more bites or stings.

–If needed, remove the stinger.  Press the skin around the stinger  down and the brush it off the surface.

–If a tick is embedded, use a tweezers to gently pull it out from the head

–Wash the area with soap and water.

–Apply a cool compress to reduce pain and swelling

–Apply 1% hydrocortisone, or a baking soda paste, or calamine lotion to the affected area a few times daily until the symptoms are relieved.

–Take an antihistamine in the first 24–48 hours to further relieve itching and swelling.


If the signs or symptoms do not disappear as expected or bites look infected, then make an appointment with your doctor


Rarely you will need to call 911 if the victim experiences:


–Difficulty breathing

–Feeling dizzy or faint or confused

–Rapid swelling of the lips, eyes,tongue or throat

–Nausea, stomach cramps, or vomiting

–Rapid onset of generalized hives